The Ethical Theory Of Deontology And Utilitarianism Essay

1062 Words Nov 13th, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction
Deontology and Utilitarianism are ethical theories that classify what a moral action is and what makes that action moral. Using these theories, one can be assisted in deciding whether they are committing moral or immoral actions. Looking at Absolute poverty in third world countries, it is hard to determine whether we have a moral obligation to help lessen the suffering occurring there. However, by using the two ethical theories given by Mill and Kant as aids, it is clear that people from industrialized countries are morally obligated to help lessen the pain and suffering caused by absolute poverty.
Kant’s View Deontology is an ethical theory created by Kant. This theory concentrates on duty and good will (Kant). An act that brings you pleasure or joy is not a moral act except if it is in adjunct to good will. Kant believes that the only thing in this world that is good without qualification is good will. Because good will is intrinsically good, any act motivated by this is considered moral regardless of the outcome. Furthermore, for an act to be considered moral it must be done from duty and not from emotional inclinations. Kant believed that there are three formulations that an act must abide by to be regarded as a moral act. The first and second formulations are the Categorical Imperative and the Universal Law, which say that an action is moral if it can be universalized and does not make any contradictions with itself. Universalizing an action is…

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