The Enlightenment And Political Ideas Of The French Revolution

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The French Revolution was a revolution in France that overthrew the monarchy from 1789 to 1799 and is generally indicated as the end of the Enlightenment. The French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals and helped shape the nation. The Enlightenment was a time period during the 18th century that stressed thought and reason, as well as the power of individuals to have a say in how their country was run. Philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and many others wanted to make drastic changes in government, religion, economics, and more. Their teachings inspired citizens to take a stand on unfair government ways which gave them the transformation they wanted to see in society. Although a lot of modifications …show more content…
Louis was the king of France when the monarchy was overthrown during the revolution. France’s weak leadership caused most of the problems that lead them into the revolution, which was mainly due to Louis XVI. He was a terrible ruler, he did not care about the government and ignored political advisors. He refused to deal with France 's economic problems until they were in complete debt. Due to France’s debt, he decided to tax the nobles. This furiated the nobles and Louis was forced to call a meeting of the estates-general, the first meeting in 175 years. Him and his family were then forced to return to Paris. When they tried to escape, he had to accept a new constitution which established a constitutional monarchy. Soon after that, the National Convention charged him for treason and was beheaded. This confirms the main political ideas of the Enlightenment because it shows how the people had power to make changes in government and how they wanted change for the better of France. The people had a say and did not just accept how things were. It similarly goes hand and hand with the philosopher John Locke’s views. He stated that the purpose of the government is to protect the citizens’ natural rights, if not, the people can have the right to overthrow it which is what happened in this

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