The Emergence Of Humanistic Psychology Essay

723 Words Feb 9th, 2016 3 Pages
The emergence of humanistic psychology in the 1950s was due to the misunderstanding of unconscious motivation and what causes certain behaviors. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers became the cofounders of humanistic psychology from these two misinterpretation of which is now the study of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Combined was the development of humanistic psychology, also known as humanism. Humanism believes that all people intend to have good behavior but both mental and social problems can stop a person’s growth and self-actualization. It also believes people will exercise their free will to reach their full potential through self-actualization. Self-fulfillment motivates behavior because people are constantly trying to find way to learn more, grow and evolve.
Maslow believed that all people are biologically driven for self-actualization and developed the Hierarchy of need as a result of this aspect of humanism. The hierarchy of needs consists of five basic needs that people are motivated by. These needs are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, self-actualization. Psychological are at the bottom of the pyramid and self-actualization is the highest point of potential. Physiological needs are the basic essentials a person needs to live everyday life such as sleep, food, water and oxygen. Safety is needed for all aspects of a person’s life. It is security of a prosperous life in the home for the family, a job to provide for the family and to keep a shelter…

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