The Elements Of Identity Formation Into Eight Stages Within The Human Lifespan

824 Words Mar 30th, 2016 4 Pages
Like nutrition and physical health, psychological and social growth is as equally important to child development. Erik H. Erikson had classified the elements of identity formation into eight stages within the human lifespan (Karkouti, 2014). The nine years old twins are at the school age of Erikson’s theoretical framework, emphasizing industry versus inferiority that establishes to competence (Capps, 2012). Hence, Erikson’s developmental theory is a significant influence in Jamie and Johnna’s personal development. The significance for the twins is the culmination of societal purpose and social interaction towards maturity at their age. Children who are approximately six to twelve years old are considered at the fourth stage of Erikson’s analysis of human persona (Turns & Kimmes, 2014). This infers rudimentary decision-making towards purpose and social role. This age gap is the last segment of childhood identity formation (Karkouti, 2014). The two extreme outcomes are either industry or inferiority, both pivotal at such age. Industry relates to the successes and exemplary performance of whatever a child wishes to master, usually school-related tasks (Turns et al., 2014). In contrast, inferiority is the outcome caused by failures and negative reinforcement when attempting such tasks (Edelman et al., 2014). This was described as a sense of inadequacy for the child (Capps, 2012). The eventual long lasting outcome and practical aging virtue is competence (Capps, 2012). It was…

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