The Effects Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

1664 Words May 26th, 2016 7 Pages
Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur after someone has been exposed to a traumatic event. Trauma is defined as, “an extremely distressing experience that causes severe emotional shock and may have long-lasting psychological effects” (Townsend, 2014). Any event that causes a person to have intense fear of physical harm or death to themselves or a loved one may lead to PTSD. Events such as a motor vehicle accident, combat exposure, physical or sexual abuse, fire, tornado, hurricane, flood, tsunami, earthquake, and terrorist attacks can all be potential situations that create intense fear. This fear evokes the fight or flight response in the body. This response system is the body’s normal way of coping with situations where you fear for your life and/or someone else’s life. Most people will have some sort of stress related symptoms for a short period of time following this type of event. If the symptoms become persistent, lasting longer than a month, and affect the person’s ability to function in their daily life they may be diagnosed with PTSD. (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2015)
Causes, Incidence and Risk Factors
Not every person that is exposed to a traumatic event develops PTSD. Some people have symptoms for only a short time after the event. Some people do not experience any stress related symptoms at all. Unfortunately, it is not yet understood why some people develop PTSD and others do not. Risk factors have been identified that seem to influence the…

Related Documents