Causes Of Ocean Acidification

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The Earth’s surface is filled with around 71% of water, and of that, 96.5% is of ocean waters. With the Earth oceans water supply making up about 321,000,000 cubic miles. Ocean acidification is the harmful consequence of excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. When carbon dioxide dissolves into sea water the pH levels of the water become much lower, therefore, making the water more acidic. Subsequently, this reaction diminishes the calcium carbonate minerals making them less abundant. Carbonate ions are the building blocks for the shells and skeletons of many marine organisms such as corals, mussels, and oysters. The average ocean pH is about 8.1 this level has already fallen from the beginning of the Industrial Revolution by 0.1 pH unit. …show more content…
Evaporation is when water changes trough sublimation, desublimation, evaporation and transpiration it is transported and continually cycled through the clouds, air, ground, plants, streams, rivers, and oceans. (Perlman, 2016). With this ever changing and transportation cycle of water it is vital we take the concern to the chemical reaction that causes ocean acidification. Ocean acidification is shrinking coral reefs which could reduce eco-tourism revenue, therefore, triggering a decline in the fish population. In addition, with the decreasing shellfish population, this can have a traumatic effect on the marine food chain, in turn, affecting our source of protein. The pH of the ocean is a concern for not just marine life but land dwelling organisms as well. Although some do not believe in climate change and ocean acidification they are real and connected problems that threaten human welfare through water and food supply, extinction of species due to the change of their ecosystem, and the economy with competition becoming intense as the fight for natural resources …show more content…
Though the biological effects of the ocean acidification are huge and damaging and result from an extensive study conducted in 2010 and despite the variation of sensitivity of taxonomic groups, they observed strong and negative effect from ocean acidification. However, with marine organism varied sensitivities, this could be a driven factor for unforeseen impacts as they still play a big role structuring communities within the marine ecosystems. (Kroeker, Kordas, Crim, & Singh,

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