The Effects Of Minimum Legal Drinking Age Regulations On Alcohol Consumption

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The article from Journal of Health Economics introduces the impact of minimum legal drinking age laws on alcohol consumption, smoking, and marijuana use. The abuse of alcohol is coming with healthy issue and some considerable spillover effects such as risky behavior, criminal activity, and alcohol related traffic injuries and fatalities. The regulation on alcohol availability in the lower the minimum legal drinking age from 21. The opponents of the MLDA of 21 argue that the age limit encourages young adults under age 21 to consume alcohol in an irresponsible manner and that lowering age would help young adults to learn how to drink gradually, safely. Many studies have investigated the effect of the MLDA law on alcohol consumption. However, states where a lower MLDA was imposed might be different in unobserved ways than those states where the MLDA of 21 was enforced. In order to eliminate this shortcoming, the article exploit the discontinuity in drinking habits of young adults at age 21 and use a regression discontinuity design to estimate the causal effect of the MLDA on alcohol consumption, smoking, and marijuana use among young adults. Therefore, understanding the effect of the MLDA is important not only because alcohol consumption is related to several undesirable health and economic outcomes, but also providing a precise estimate of effect of the MLDA on alcohol consumption and alcohol consumption related outcome.
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