The Effects Of Mass Incarceration On African Americans Essay

1056 Words Aug 7th, 2016 null Page
Mass incarceration has created racial discrepancies among those being incarcerated. Many studies have been conducted to study the causes of these discrepancies and almost all of these studies have found that African Americans and other minority groups accounts for the vast majority of the prison population. In 1991 Albonetti found on her study that African Americans are more likely to be convicted and received longer sentences than their Caucasian counterparts (Kamalu, 2010, p. 2). Another study by Spohn found that when African Americans are male, unemployed, young, and the offense is not serious, then they are more likely to be convicted than Caucasians that fit the same characteristics of those African Americans (Kamalu, 2010, p. 3). Part of the reason that leads many African Americans to commit crime and be the majority group within prisons is the influx of new immigrants (Kamalu, 2010, p. 4). Due to the influx of immigrants it makes it more difficult for African Americans to compete for jobs and integrate to the economy, thus many African Americans seek criminal activities in order to substitute for a job (Kamalu, 2010, p. 4). Drug related activities tends to be the quick solution for many African Americans to substitute for a job and drug laws are also an important factor that have created racial disparities within prisons and jails (Kamalu, 2010, p. 5). The majority of African Americans in Southern states tend to plead guilty once they have been charged with a drug…

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