Theme Of Abuse Of Power In Animal Farm

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Throughout history, different types of government have been criticized in various ways. During World War II, communist governments were constantly being criticized by many people across the world. George Orwell specifically looked at the Russian Revolution through his novel, Animal Farm. Orwell showed how power was abused by Joseph Stalin while he was controlling the Soviet Union through the character Napoleon and his rise to power. He shows this abuse of power through Napoleon’s abuse towards people, his abuse of his secret police force, and the way he abused his power to make the country strong, all which Stalin also did in the Soviet Union. Napoleon and Stalin both wanted to have complete control over the people of their land. Napoleon …show more content…
Napoleon had taken away nine puppies from their mother when they were younger in order to create a police force of his own. These dogs were used to create fear among the animals in hopes that they would obey Napoleon. His first use of the dogs was when he released them to head “straight for Snowball,” who barely escaped “their snapping jaws” (Orwell, 53). By releasing these dogs on Snowball, Napoleon was hoping that the remaining animals would follow his order so they wouldn 't be attacked by his dogs. Napoleon didn 't feel this was enough, however. He felt that when he wasn 't around as much, there wasn 't a major fear factor. To fix this, Napoleon decided to have his dogs guarding each door in the farmhouse where he was (Orwell, 75). With having the dogs standing guard, the rest of the animals were aware that Napoleon would still know everything that was going on around the farm. With Napoleon having access to most information on the farm, it made him and even stronger leader. Stalin used similar tactics with his secret police. He had his police force constantly around the country to examine what was happening and even went as far as to having “citizens to spy on one another” so that Stalin would know who was targeting his tactics and his country (Gracheva). By doing so, Stalin was able …show more content…
Napoleon first used violence in the killing of many of the farm animals who confessed to knowing something about Snowball and his activity on the farm. Napoleon had animals come up to confess their knowings, and if they admitted to knowing of anything of Snowball’s whereabouts, true or made up, then Napoleon had “the dogs promptly [tear] their throats out” (Orwell, 84). This was a very harsh measure of punishment that led to at least seven animals dying even though many of them didn 't know anything about Snowball. The torture these animals went through was violating their right to live based on the “Seven Commandments” that the whole farm had come up with (Orwell, 25). Similarly, Stalin had a major purge on those who he felt weren 't capable of supporting the country or Stalin himself. His “mass execution of Polish nationals” along with the twenty million civilians that were sent to labor camps, where many died, are now known as purges (Gracheva). These purges were very harsh on those being killed, and those in labor camps that survived did not leave the camps very strong or with much energy. Napoleon also showed the idea of sending animals away from the farm with the full intention of the animal not returning. As Boxer, a carthorse, was becoming older and incapable of work, Napoleon told boxer he was going to the

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