Essay on The Effects Of Down Syndrome On The Central Nervous System

1189 Words Dec 5th, 2016 5 Pages
Down syndrome, also called Trisomy 21, is a congenital disorder resulting in abnormal development of the brain, causing mental retardation in varying degrees (Carlson, N. R., 530). Down syndrome is the most frequent human birth defect. Mother’s age, in most cases the mothers ova functions differently causing her to produce two (rather than one) twenty-first chromosomes. When fertilization occurs, the father’s twenty-first chromosome makes three rather than two. Down syndrome causes developmental and intellectual delays. More than two hundred thousand births, one in seven hundred, cases in the U.S. per year. It cannot be cured, but treatment is helpful. Common physical signs included flattened nose, small ears and mouth, and upward slanting eyes. The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord. The nerve tissue controls the activities of the body. For my final presentation I will be looking at peer reviewed articles researching the effects of Down syndrome on the central nervous system. Highlighting articles written on maternal plasma, the development of the nervous system, cervical spine abnormalities, neuroanatomy of Down’s syndrome, and recent progress and future research. Writing briefly about each peer reviewed articles and the research studies conducted by the researchers. Throughout my paper I will be incorporating my thoughts on the research work on those who have Down syndrome. From this paper and presentation I hope to be more knowledge on Down…

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