Essay on The Earthquake Of The Sumatra Earthquake

1029 Words Nov 22nd, 2016 5 Pages
On December 26th, 2014 the Indonesian islands shook violently from a 9.1 magnitude earthquake. Once the earthquake began a series of chain reactions occurred that had drastic impacts across the ocean. Land was displaced, homes submerged under water, and tidal waves as high as 100m were created. With no warning systems for earthquakes or tsunamis of any kind in the area, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka and more will feel these lasting effects. This will go down in history as one of the worst acts of mother nature in the last 100 years. The Sumatra earthquake occurred between the India, oceanic, plate and the Sunda, continental, plates. Because the oceanic plates is more dense than the continental the plate, the Sumatra earthquake was created along a subduction zone, which makes the Sumatra region very familiar with earthquakes. During the earthquake 1,500 km of the Sumatra fault line ruptured about 10 km beneath the earth’s surface in the faultlines North and South directions (Cluff). With a 6m shift to west and 3m rise in the ocean floor (CalTech). Due to the sudden shift in the ocean floor, sending water upward, sending tsunamis perpendicular to the fault line in the East and West direction (Saatcioglu). The tsunamis that followed killed more people around the Indian Ocean than the earthquake itself in Sumatra. More than 250,000 people have been presumed dead or missing from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and more (Smith). Not only was there a loss of life all around the…

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