Dominican Republic Democratization

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Dominican Republic historical stages of democratization
To begin with, the main focus for this project is on Dominican Republic transition to its current political system, which is, representative democracy. The Dominican Republic has a fairly new constitution that was enacted in 2010 and it is composed of three different government branches. Similar to the United States, the three branches of government are legislature, execution, and judicial. The president is head of state and government, moreover, he is directly elected every 4 years but he cannot hold consecutive terms. The legislature branch made up from the senate and the chamber of deputies this is possible because it uses a bicameral congress. Additionally, the judicial system has
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It is vital to understand the influences that domestic society had on the transition Dominican Republic experience to becoming a democratic country. Economic development, economic performance, class coalitions and Alliances are important elements that can either benefit or hinder democracy. Economic development has definitely helped maintain democracy in Dominican Republic. There have been high levels of social economic a development like the GDP has increased by 5.4% since 1992 and life expectancy is now 74. Economic performance has also been positive due to the countries investment in tourism and manufacturing. The World Bank has data suggesting that Dominican Republic has a gross national income of $6,040, which has steadily increased since 1996. In Social Classes and the Origin of the Modern State: The Dominican Republic the author claims “Interestingly, Bosch maintains that there was only one class, the petty bourgeoisie, subdivided into five strata: high, medium, low, lower poor, and lower very poor ” (Betances 21). When Dominican Republic was ruled under an authoritarian regime lower and upper classes could not make alliance or coalition with the middle class because there was only one class. This hindered democratization because the government had ultimate control of the distribution of …show more content…
Old regimes in Dominican Republic hindered the democratization process because of the authoritarian regime it had. During Rafael Leónidas Trujillo thirty-one-year dictatorship he used the military to fight president Horacio Vásquez. He used his military influence to his advantage by having the army as his tool; this type of military usage hindered the democratic process. The poor actions of Trujillo is what ultimately caused his assassination, although death should never be glorified, his death and choices helped with democratization at the end of his term. It is evident that domestic opposition was prominent during his last serving years when he tried to murder Venezuela’s president for Rómulo Betancourt, also leading to United States

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