Essay about The Disease Model Is Based On A Predictable Process

1174 Words Nov 21st, 2016 5 Pages
The disease model is based on a predictable process that are fused into three constructs, i.e. organ, defect, and symptoms which defines addiction as a disease (Pleasure Unwoven, 2016). Likewise, Brooks & McHenry (2009) describes a disease as a predictable array of signs of illness or problems, i.e. loss of control increase in substance tolerance, and premature death (if untreated) associated with addiction. The disease model offers clinicians a logical understanding of the affect substances has on the brain that will eventually hijack the brain’s normal sequence of decision notification, i.e. dopamine craving pleasure through substance use and glutamate gives it permission to use substances despite consequences. The psychological rewiring of the brain’s decision making procedures should be presented to clients in layman’s terms so addicts can disassociate their cravings from immoral, sinful, defect of character, or cognitive distortion for justifying their behavior.

Educating clients about addiction
The education of clients using any model must include language the client can understand and correlate with their undesirable behavior. Likewise, assisting the client with the psychological understanding of how cravings can supersede all human impulse control; which essentially creates a defense system that sole purpose is to justify their irrational decisions to use. Brooks & McHenry (2009) explain how the psychological defense system is used as a denial system that…

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