The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Essay

1248 Words Aug 20th, 2015 5 Pages
People suffer from a range of injuries and health issues on a daily basis. There are several cures for diseases and a variety of vaccines to prevent them. Up until now is when society is starting to be educated on mental health issues and how we can treat them. People from all over the world suffer from depression, anxiety, bi-polar disorder, and schizophrenia, as well as many other psychological disorders. The American Psychiatric Association has devised a system that many professionals use to this day called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. There are over 200 disorders divided into 17 major categories. It also provides the precise definition and symptoms of each disorder. The DSM includes five axes, which has to be considered when assessing a patient. Axis I is categorized as Clinical Disorders, which is disorders that produce distress and impair functioning. Axis II is disorders that are enduring, rigid behavioral patterns, also known as Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation. Axis III are physical disorders that may be related to psychological disorders, called General Medical Conditions. Axis IV is Psychosocial and Environmental Problems, which entails problems in a person’s life such as life events that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and final outcome of psychological disorders. Last is Axis V, the overall level of mental, social, occupational, and leisure functioning, also known as the Global Assessment of Functioning. One of…

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