ASPD occurs mainly in men with a 3% percentage rate as opposed to women who have a 1% percentage rate of obtaining the disorder. Lynda Kaylor (1999) stated Individuals under ASPD are categorized by their “egocentricity, shallow effect, manipulativeness, and lack of empathy” (p. 258). As an example, those diagnosed with ASPD are identified because after committing a crime, such as murder, they do not feel remorse and generally do not show emotions towards the crime. To be diagnosed with ASPD, an individual must meet a criterion of 7 factors that include: failure to comply with social norms, dishonesty, carelessness, recklessness, aggression, lack of remorse and …show more content…
Other causes also involve chemical toxins, low serotonin levels, focal lesions to the temporal lobe, and serotonergic dysfunction. Not much research has been done with biological causation of ASPD; so, much remains unexplored. Since the gene for substance abuse is also related to ASPD, both are seen simultaneously. In the nurture aspect, childhood treatment affects the brain to respond in certain ways. Despite the consequences of their actions, what individuals with ASPD find rewarding causes a hyper-reactive dopamine reward system, which makes then susceptible to motivate themselves to do something rewarding.
Cultural Differences That Influence ASPD Although ASPD may show up in different cultures it is most prominent in the American society. Since men are more likely diagnosed with ASPD, patriarchal power gives men a sense of ability to be allowed to victimize women and children. Exposure to violence on media, video games, and activities lead up to aggression, which can transfer into ASPD.