Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)

Good Essays
Personality Disorder: Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) Personality disorders can influence social functioning. There are three types of personality disorders; avoidant personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. A person with antisocial personality disorder is also known as a sociopath or psychopath. Psychologist or psychiatrists diagnose many serial killers as possessing antisocial personality disorder. But how do you diagnose an individual with ASPD? What are the symptoms of ASPD? What biological and psychological factors contribute towards having ASPD? How can cultural differences influence the development of ASPD? Many …show more content…
ASPD occurs mainly in men with a 3% percentage rate as opposed to women who have a 1% percentage rate of obtaining the disorder. Lynda Kaylor (1999) stated Individuals under ASPD are categorized by their “egocentricity, shallow effect, manipulativeness, and lack of empathy” (p. 258). As an example, those diagnosed with ASPD are identified because after committing a crime, such as murder, they do not feel remorse and generally do not show emotions towards the crime. To be diagnosed with ASPD, an individual must meet a criterion of 7 factors that include: failure to comply with social norms, dishonesty, carelessness, recklessness, aggression, lack of remorse and …show more content…
Other causes also involve chemical toxins, low serotonin levels, focal lesions to the temporal lobe, and serotonergic dysfunction. Not much research has been done with biological causation of ASPD; so, much remains unexplored. Since the gene for substance abuse is also related to ASPD, both are seen simultaneously. In the nurture aspect, childhood treatment affects the brain to respond in certain ways. Despite the consequences of their actions, what individuals with ASPD find rewarding causes a hyper-reactive dopamine reward system, which makes then susceptible to motivate themselves to do something rewarding.
Cultural Differences That Influence ASPD Although ASPD may show up in different cultures it is most prominent in the American society. Since men are more likely diagnosed with ASPD, patriarchal power gives men a sense of ability to be allowed to victimize women and children. Exposure to violence on media, video games, and activities lead up to aggression, which can transfer into ASPD.
Treatment For

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Sociopath Divine Analysis

    • 1953 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Because they like to take risks, sociopaths can pull off stressful jobs with ease and amusement (59). Some people with APD claim to be more advanced than other humans because their brains work differently, and they may even call themselves superior and dominate themselves. The speaker in “Sociopath Divine” claims to be “an undeniable evolution” (qtd. in Perkins 33). Because sociopaths think so highly of themselves, they look down on others and often degrade others to makes themselves appear more dominant and superior (“Antisocial Personality-Part I”).…

    • 1953 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Antisocial personality disorder is usually described as a personality disorder in which a person’s cognition and personality is impaired. This symptom causes an individual to suffer from both self and interpersonal functioning. According to the DSM-V, an individual with antisocial personality disorder must exhibit antagonism and disinhibiting. They also have impaired personal and interpersonal functioning. This disorder is closely connected to criminal behavior.…

    • 946 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Antidepressants are used for more than just depression. They not only work for episodes of “mild or moderate depression;” they also help those who feel despair. The drug can, however, use the placebo effect to cause a patient believe that they are getting better when, in fact, nothing is happening. Psychologist Robert DeRubeis concluded that the antidepressant lift could be “all in your head” (Kramer 1). The reason some people question antidepressants is because “subjects who don’t really have depression are included” in the experiments.…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    a. What are the physical effects of sociopathic disorders? Repeated unlawful behaviors, lying, very conning, impulsiveness b. What are the psychological effects of anti-social personality disorders? Aggressiveness, assaults, reckless regard for safety of self and of others.…

    • 712 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Due to an increase of negative emotions that may be present, this explains how strain theory increases crime in mentally ill person’s lives. In order to decrease the effects of strain on mental health crime, Agnew (2001) suggested two policy recommendations: “Reduce the exposure of individuals to strain and reduce the likelihood that individuals will cope with strain through crime” (pp. 352).This can be accomplished by slowly changing the mental health stigma. Society can no longer in good conscious continue to reject those with mental illness, even if it isn’t understood. We only hurt ourselves if we socially outcast these individual and it creates further crime.…

    • 309 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay 2 Joey Barton, Charles Manson, and Jeffrey Dahmer, what do all these names have in common? Besides all of these people being known for heinous activities, the men listed above also have been diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder. Antisocial Personality Disorder, sometimes referred to as sociopathy, is a mental disorder in which the person shows no regard for right and wrong. They also tend to ignore the rights and feelings of others. Individuals with ASPD will violate the law, lie, act impulsively, and usually have problems with drugs or alcohol.…

    • 1180 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Psychological explanations for offending behaviour focus on the idea that crime is the result of innate factors, whereby an individual has dysfunctional mental processes within their personality. These abnormalities could be the result of a diseased mind (Tetlock 1995). However, there are other ways of understanding crime such as sociological explanations. Sociological explanations focus on the idea that crime is a product of parental influences and inadequate socialisation (Downes and Rock 1983). The perspectives for understanding offending behaviour have developed independently throughout history by different theorists.…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Daniel’s behavior would be considered abnormal behavior according to the book. Abnormal psychology or psychopathology is defined as “the study of disorders of mind, mood, and behavior” (Baird 264). It is very had to define a psychological disorder because the way that people may view the behavior. For example one person could see the behavior as a symptom while another person sees it as “creative eccentricity” (Baird 264). The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Mental Disorders is responsible for the classification of psychological disorders.…

    • 949 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    While the word happy may impact “normal” people significantly, psychopaths see it as any other word. Research has also proven psychopaths to be inconsistent and often contradict themselves when they speak. Hare’s (1999) study discovered Ted Bundy, for instance, when asked about his usage of cocaine, he stated he had never used the drug, but also answered he might have tried it once and may have snorted a little bit (p. 126). Overall, psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder differ in their diagnosis and each are composed of different traits and behavior. As stated above, psychopathy constitutes of socially deviant behaviors and personality traits, and antisocial personality disorder, on the other hand, consists of both criminal and antisocial behavior.…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The media propounds these gender myths in order to bolster a society that has been historically patriarchal: “Feelings of anger and rage are encouraged in ‘real men’ because they are associated with high status and power” (Gabbiadini et al., 2016, ¶ 6). Thus, these masculine beliefs concerning gender roles make males more liable to acting aggressively and violently in the future in order to conform to gender stereotypes advanced by the media; for example, one study found that these beliefs about virility could be positively correlated with violence towards females (Gabbiadini et al., 2016). Furthermore, “The media does normalize violence, making it appear to be part of one’s culture. On television,…

    • 1892 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays