The Demarcation Problem Between Science And Pseudoscience Essay

1504 Words Sep 20th, 2016 7 Pages
The demarcation problem between science and pseudoscience is one of the Gordian knot problems in the field of philosophy of science. Several proposals have been made in this regard. Karl Popper proposes a ‘falsification principle’ that aims to test the scientific status of a theory. Kuhn has brought forward a claim against this principle that it is only applicable to occasional revolutionary parts rather than the most part of science. However, another attempt has been made by Lakatos in which a progressive research program draws the distinction between science and pseudoscience. Despite these endeavors, Thagard provides some demarcation criteria, and then use these in determining that Creationism is not science. Analogously, Michael Ruse has argued that creationism is not science while presented a five-point distinction between science and pseudoscience. On the contrary, Lauden portrays Ruse’s criteria as discredited criteria by arguing that pseudoscience meets some of these criteria. I would like to show that these five-point criteria do work properly to segregate science from pseudoscience. In order to do that I will discuss at first Ruse’s demarcation criteria briefly, and then I will articulate two arguments based on ‘necessary conditions’ and ‘equal weight’.
In a provocative article ‘Creationism Is Not Science’ , Michael Ruse provides some defining characteristics of science instead of taking a set of necessary and sufficient conditions into consideration which in…

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