The Core Philosophical Concepts Of Hinduism Essay

1746 Words Oct 18th, 2016 7 Pages
The Upanishads are a collection of texts that outline some of the core philosophical concepts of Hinduism. Amongst these are moksha, dharma and advaita. In Sanskrit, moksha means ‘release’ from the cycle of birth and death (samsara) - it is freedom from attachment to materialism in life and detachment from the human world. There are multiple ways to attain moksha, which will be discussed in this essay. Dharma, in sanskrit, means ‘duty’ or ‘ethics’- these are the duties and morals followed by Hindus either pertaining to their individual selves (visesa dharma) or to the bigger world (samanya dharma). Following dharma is essential to attaining moksha. Advaita, in Sanskrit, literally means ‘non-dualism’. This ‘non-dualism’ is described as ‘no difference between subject-object’ (Pinkney,15th September 2016). This term was proposed by Shankara and means that the atman or the individual soul or self doesn 't exist alone and is just a part of the whole or the absolute reality, i.e, brahman. The atman and brahman are ultimately one and there’s no differentiation between the two.

In the article ‘The Strange and Curious Tale of the Last True Hermit’ by Michael Finkel, Christopher Knight is a man who renounced the world at an early age and lived off stolen goods and foods in the forest by himself for twenty seven years. He created a shelter hidden from the eyes of the world and passed his time there, detached from the demands of human life. He sought freedom in his time in isolation…

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