Kutlwano's Reaction Formation?

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10.5. Reaction Formation.
According to Bouchard & Thériault (2003), reaction formation refers to an individual possessing acts and beliefs contrary to those they believe in. Therefore, one will have a reaction formation when they act in ways that do not match what they believe in (Bouchard & Thériault, 2003).
This defence mechanism is evident in Kutlwano’s actions of wanting to be away from his parent’s conflicted relationship, whereas he is in a conflicted relationship himself with Tamia, and in his professional relationships.

As stated above, defence mechanisms are a way of escaping reality and the feelings attached to it (Bouchard & Thériault, 2003). However, one cannot be in this phase forever, certain theoretical concepts need to be
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THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUES

12.1. Interpretation
In psychoanalysis, interpretation refers to the counsellor interpreting the material disclosed by the client, which sometimes relate to the conflicts of the past (Murdock, 2013). This means that the counsellor has the responsibility of explaining to the client how his material relates to the conflicts the client has experienced, as well as his behaviour (Murdock, 2013). The unconscious material to be interpreted varies from the client’s dreams, the words the client uses when speaking, the jokes the client says or finds funny, to the things that motivate the client (Gehart, 2013).

During Counselling, the counsellor would interpret Kutlwano’s reason for wanting to be away from his family and not wanting to go to the same kind of college his parents went to. Furthermore, an interpretation of his unconscious material regarding his anger will be focused on (Seligman & Reichenberg, 2014). Also, the counsellor would have to focus on the effect his parent’s marriage/divorce has on his current relationships (family,colleagues, and girlfriend) as there could be some underlying unconscious material that results in his anger and the quality of his interpersonal relationships
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It is when the client intentionally keeps material to himself (Murdock, 2013). This defence mechanism will therefore be analysed in Kutlwano’s counselling session- as the counsellor must be alert of any sign of resistance (Murdock, 2013). Kutlwano’s resistance is evident in him wanting to stay away from his family to avoid the fights. He is resisting reality. The counsellor will have to interpret this to Kutlwano to avoid it from getting in the way of treatment (Murdock,

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