Essay on The Concept Of Emerging Adulthood

1279 Words Oct 17th, 2016 6 Pages
The concept of “emerging adulthood”, first introduced by psychologist Arnett (2000), is one that has been picked and pulled apart for its lack of consistency particularly when the theory is applied to a population that does not fit the mold designed by the expert himself (p.469). Given that no one is born an identical replica of someone else (even then experience shapes a person’s life) it is nearly impossible for Arnett’s theory to be applied because so many young adults are not accounted for in the research conducted. In order to further apply his concept, many more studies need to be performed in order to explore how culture impacts whether an individual is seen as an emerging adult. Culture plays a major role in the creation of “ethnic identity” (Phinney, 2006, p. 118). Divergent ethnic identities are what help shape a person’s decisions as one begins to be more autonomous. The theory of development that Arnett presents is not universal and should not be looked at as a permanent phase in life because cultural shifts are not stagnant. Although it changes at a slow rate, culture fluctuates incessantly. Therefore, the way in which a young adult develops will also convert. In addition, “identity capital” referring to the amount of resources available to young adults, is dependent on the opportunities presented during the transformative years of their lives (Côté, 2002, p. 117). Instead of creating a stage of development that will surely change in a few decades, researchers…

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