Essay on The Cold War And The Soviet Union

709 Words 3 Pages
The Cold War is a highly controversial topic amongst historians. The Soviet Union and the United States were allies during World War II and the both sides sacrificed a great deal contributing to winning the Second World War. There is a lot written about the distrust both sides had for each other, pre-dating the Cold War. Historians contemplate which super power was the aggressor, the intentions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., and who was at fault for the start of the war and for the duration. One thing that is agreed upon is there were clear ideological differences between America and the Soviet Union. First, there are distinct differences between the two countries political systems. America’s political system is based on democracy. The U.S. government is selected through free and regular elections. The Soviet Union’s ideology, however, was based on communism. The concept of this system is that it places the good of the people as a whole before individual interests. Another distinction is the economic system of the two countries. The American economic system is described as a capitalist economy. Simply, under a capitalist economy, industry and land is owned by private individuals or businesses who try to make profits out of production and the prices and distribution of goods are based primarily on the competition of the market. Communism has a completely dissimilar economic system where industry and land are not owned by individuals, but by the state. The…

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