Essay on The Code Of Hammurabi : A Guide For Punishment

722 Words Nov 15th, 2015 3 Pages
Nearly 3,800 years ago the Code of Hammurabi was created as a guide for punishment for criminal offenders that caused harm to victims, by placing emphasis on revenge for the wronged victims. Punishment was given for the purpose of revenge and a lessened chance of retaliation from the victim to the offender, which contrasts with how punishment is given now. While punishment is still given to criminal offenders that bestow harm to victims, punishment today also includes reformation of criminal behaviors in correctional systems. The main purpose of today’s correctional systems is to reform criminal behaviors through a “process whereby practitioners from a variety of agencies and programs use tools, techniques, and facilities to engage in organized security and treatment functions intended to correct criminal tendencies among the offender population” (Hanser, 2013, p.19). In addition, the foundation of corrections includes four theoretical concepts: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Retribution may seem similar to revenge; however, retribution serves as a suitable punishment that is equivalent to damage that was caused to wronged victims. Furthermore, one other purposes of retribution “is not to make the wicked "suffer," but to restore social balance” (Bradley, 2003, p. 30). Once the offender has paid their dues for the crime that they committed, the offender is free from further punishment. The second concept that is part of the foundation of…

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