The Civil War of 1861-1865 is the central event in all of American History and held the most change that has ever come across the nation. The Civil War determined what kind of nation the United States would be; bringing an end to slavery in what was the largest slaveholding country in the world (McPherson, 2014). When Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 (History.com Staff, 2010) without being on the ballot in ten of the Southern states, seven of the slave states in the Deep South announced their withdrawal from the Union, and formed the Confederacy (Varon, 2011). This caused a major split in the nation and eventually led to the Civil War. Although Licoln never promised the abolishment of slavery, he was extremely against the expansion of slavery, and was a strong believer in a slave free nation (Shmoop Editorial Team, 2008).
The Southern states main source of income came from the cotton industry, using slave labour; meaning slavery had an extreme importance to the economy of the south (Varon, 2011), and the Northern antislavery political forces blocking the expansion of slavery caused extreme anger and frustration (McCardell, 1981).
It was fairly obvious post Lincoln’s election, that the North and South had very different intentions for the future. The main reason the North rejected secession, was due to their belief in preserving the union and American Nationalism (Grant, 2000)
The Civil War had countless outcomes and was responsible for shaping the nation to…