The Civil War And The Reconstruction Period Essay

712 Words Feb 24th, 2016 3 Pages
Matthew Durst
Period 7
Long Essay Practice Prompts (Period 5)
During the Civil War and the Reconstruction period which would soon follow, the claim that “The North won the war, but lost the peace” is valid. The government, led by Republican Abraham Lincoln issued martial law on states to keep a Union advantage but lost some public appeal as it was deemed unconstitutional. Besides political, social differences were also brought to the forefront of the war through the draft situation. Due to the emancipation proclamation and the 13th Amendment, more issues were brought up resulting with the new freedman. With the first presidential assassination in the history of the country, this period also had a chaotic moment as Lincoln was killed. With all taken into account, the Northern victory ended the war, but by no means unified the country.
Facts
Abe Lincoln martial law in border states
Execution of presidential power in the attempt to hold some of the Union together
Prevented the Confederacy outnumbering the Union states
Taney, the Supreme Court Marshall declares this and Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus unconstitutional
Draft
Rich individuals had the power to buy exemption or substitution to avoid going to war
“Rich man’s war, poor man’s fight”
Freedmen
Emancipation Proclamation, issued to win the war by preventing foreign allies leads to issues with freedmen
Freedman’s Bureau, supposed to help freedmen but fails to give them 40 acres and a mule
Often black, they are…

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