The Controversial Role Of Reconstruction In The United States
They first passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. The Library of Congress (2015) states that Congress was fearful that this might be overturned, and thus worked on drafting an Amendment to the Constitution that would guarantee rights for the slaves and for subsequent generations by including a definition of citizenship that included anyone born on United States soil. Congress also worked to eliminate the Black Codes that were passed in the South; these codes were designed to maintain Caucasian supremacy over the freed slaves politically and economically. The Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed citizenship and put provisions in place to take away a states represented power in Washington if they prevented blacks from voting. While the Republicans felt they had done a sufficient job for ex slaves, many freedmen felt that a true solution involved the granting of land to them (Rourk. Et al. p.