The Civil War And Federal Law Essay

840 Words Oct 5th, 2015 4 Pages
Preceding the Civil War, federal law dating back to 1792 prevented Negroes from bearing arms for the United States army. President Lincoln’s administration contemplated the idea of authorizing the recruitment of black troops, but were worried such a move would push the border states to secede and join the Confederates. By the middle of 1862, the escalating number of former slaves, declining number of white volunteers and needs of the Union Army drove the government to reconsider the ban. On July 17th, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act as a result of the Emancipation Proclamation. This act freed slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army. The first black volunteers came from South Carolina, Tennessee and Massachusetts, filling the first authorized black regiments. Recruitment was slow until black leaders, like Frederick Douglass, began encouraging men to become soldiers to ensure they would gain full citizenship. By the end of the Civil War, approximately 179,000 black men served as soldiers in the U.S Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy. Black soldiers made up about ten percent of the Union Army.

This political cartoon is an ad in opposition of The Freedman’s Bureau. The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands, was established by Congress in 1865. It’s purpose was to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South after the end of the Civil War. The war left communities destroyed and crushed the South’s plantation…

Related Documents