The Changing Role Of Women Research Paper

810 Words 4 Pages
The research question The changing role of women: Does women participation in the labor force increased work-family conflict?

Since the post World War II, a great number of women participate in the labour market has marked a milestone in the women’s history. With a gradual increase in social status, women, nowadays, have a relatively higher education attainment and economic survival ability than they used to be in the past decades. Yet, from a family-sociological perspective, sociologists tend to explore whether working women or the mothering ideology is better with the overall picture of the family structure. In this research paper, I intend to focus on three factors, including women’s work commitment with children
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The “Theory of human energy” and the “theory of role accumulation” are used to further explain how to make a balance of work-family relationship through understanding the way to commit in various positions. To prove this claim, the authors use data collected from the comprehensive longitudinal study, from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development comprehensive longitudinal in 1991, to study the relationship between employed women, her kids, and her partner. The result indicates the perceptions of work-family strains and gains vary when mother’s commitment changed, especially following the period of childbirth. Yet, socioeconomic factors (e.g. Income, occupational status, and education level) and support from partner also being examined. This article is a useful source by providing readers a clear indication that female employment and family relationship depends on the level of self-commitment in different roles. Simply speaking, women require a good time management and self-emotional control in order to maintain a well-balanced work and family …show more content…
Due to increasing participation in the labour force, married women are more likely to postpone childbearing. Authors make reference to Spill-over theory, Rational Choice Theory, and life course approach to examine the correlation between fertility intention and female employment. The 2,189 interviewees were selected through sampling method and being interviewed with questions relate to their employment situations and relationship with their spouses. The results show that there are gender differences in work-to-family conflict among men and women due to both parties have perceived their own work-family conflict as greater than the other. It is interesting to note that the probability of fertility will be low if husbands believe wives are having strains in work-family conflict as man foresees child will only make the problem worse. The article is important as it addresses one of the most significant sectors of the study of family – childbearing. Through examining the perception of gender towards fertility and work, it is safe to say that there is a negative relationship between childbearing and female employment, and a re-valuation in making a balance of family and work should be further

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