The Causes And Effects Of The Red River Rebellion

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Register to read the introduction… The Metis were wisely afraid that their culture and land was threatened by the federal government, therefore, they organised the Red River Rebellion in 1869 (Johnson and Griffiths:1991). During this rebellion an armed group under Riel occupied Upper Fort Garry and created a provisional government. As the rebellion occurred before the creation of the NWMP British and Canadian troops were called in to crush it. The Metis did gain some concessions such as the creation of Manitoba as a …show more content…
Once again, the Metis created a provisional government. Chief Big Bear of the Frog Lake Cree refused to sign a treaty. The government cut off their rations and in response the Cree killed ten white men. However, in little more than a month over 5000 troops, including the Mounties and militia members, arrived to challenge the rebels. The rebels were defeated by forces under the direction of Superintendant Sam Steele of the Mounted Police. In the aftermath of the rebellion Riel was executed for high treason after an unsuccessful insanity plea on the part of his lawyer. Eight Natives were also hanged for murder and Big Bear was given an incarceration term of three years.

The North-West Rebellion in 1885 "merely excaberated the already-deteriorating relationship between the NWMP and the aboriginal peoples of the area" (Johnson & Griffiths: 1991, 35). The mutual respect between the Mounties and Natives diminished with the creation of the Department of Indian Affairs in the early 1880s. The Department’s goals were assimilation and segregation of Natives on reserves, as well as the pass system. The NWMP were the enforcers of these policies and it was only at the end of the Nineteenth Century that the Mounties were given a new mandate with the advent of the Klondike Gold Rush.


Johnson, M., & Griffiths, C. (1991). Canadian Criminology. Toronto: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

RCMP Home Page January, 2000

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