The Causes And Effects Of The English Civil War

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1. The English Civil War is one of the most debated conflicts in history. It was a complete disruption economically, socially, and politically. The wars from 1640-1660 completely changed England. The king and the House of Lords lost their power, and England changed from a monarchy to a republic, among other effects. On the first page, the author describes the effects that the war had. It says, “Sometimes such other events have changed the occupancy or the powers of the throne, but the conflict of 1640-60 was more extensive. The monarchy and the House of Lords were abolished, and were replaced by a republic and military rule. The government and liturgy of the Church of England were abolished too” (Worden, page 1).

2. England had prospered under
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England was on the brink of civil war. Both sides used propaganda to promote their causes. Parliament demanded the king to give up control of the armed forces to them. When the king wouldn’t agree, they passed the ‘militia ordinance,’ and took it from him. It was only the beginning of political upheaval in England. Parliament reinstated the medieval practice of having the king give up his power when he was misusing it. Parliament was quickly taking control of England’s government. “Parliament… now stepped up its demands of the king… requiring that he hand over the choice both of personnel and of the policies of the government” (Worden, page …show more content…
The king received most of his support from three areas: Wales, the west Midlands and the north of England. The first major battle occurred in October 1642. The king’s army marched into London, only to be met by the Earl of Essex’s army. Neither side was well trained, and both sides had thousands of casualties. Battles continued until November when forces in and around London met the king’s army. To avoid further casualties, the king returned to Oxford. “The first major battle followed in mid-October… The opposing armies, raw and ill-trained, suffered heavy casualties… The threat to London persisted until November, when only the gathering of forces from in and around the capital… dissuaded the king from an assault. He retired to Oxford, which would be his own wartime capital” (Worden, page 46).

8. During the summer of 1643, the war began to improve for Charles. His army in Oxford defeated the Earl of Essex at Buckinghamshire and stopped him from taking London; his army at Newcastle took Lincolnshire; and his army led Sir Ralph Hopton defeated parliamentarian forces at Wiltshire. After that, the king won the port at Bristol. Gloucester had become the only city that supported parliament. “The early advantage lay with the king… It was the more nervous parliamentarian who called for peace and compromise… In the summer of 1643 the war went his way” (Worden, page

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