The Cardiovascular System Of The Heart, Blood Vessels, And Blood

1382 Words Dec 7th, 2016 6 Pages
The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood (“Major Functions,” n.d.). Leukemia is a malignant cancer of the blood and bone marrow that affects this system and involves an abnormal growth of white blood cells (McGlaufin, Munger, and Nelson, 2015). Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a subtype of this disease and is most common in older adults, specifically males 65 and older (Turbeville, 2014). In AML, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets (Hasserjian, 2013). This paper will first briefly describe the function of the cardiovascular system, explain how leukemia affects this system, and cover the risk factors, prevalence, diagnoses, signs and symptoms, prevention, and treatment of AML.
The Cardiovascular System
In order to understand Leukemia, it is important to first have knowledge of the cardiovascular system. The main functions of the cardiovascular system are to transport nutrients and eliminate wastes, prevent the body from infection and blood loss, maintain a constant temperature, and maintain fluid balance within the body (“Major Functions,” n.d). Blood plays an important role in this system. The red blood cells, or erythrocytes, transport oxygen to the rest of the body’s cells and carry carbon dioxide back to the lungs. The white blood cells or leukocytes, help the body fight infection, and the platelets, or thrombocytes, form blood clots to prevent loss of bleeding when the body is injured (“The…

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