Bio 202 Unit 1 Case Study

Improved Essays
Bio 202 - Unit #3 Case Studies:
1- Blood, Heart, and Vessels
1)WHy are lymph nodes enlarged (adenopathy)? How does this fit with his CBC test?
J.T’s lymph nodes are enlarged due to a high count of white blood cell count . Jt has a high white blood cell count because his body is trying to fight off an infection.
2) What is the most likely diagnosis that explains all of J.T’s symptoms and lab results?
J.T. has Acute Myeloid Leukemia, his symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, bleeding, bone pain, minor cuts won't heal, and easily bruising. J.T’s bone marrow biopsy results show >90 % of lymphoid cells in the marrow are monotypic/monoclonal B-lymphocytes. This means that the stem cells that produce myeloblasts develop immature abnormal cells,
…show more content…
Normal ST segment should not be elevated and N.K’s shows ST segment elevated in ER.
6) What is the most likely diagnosis for patient # 1, angina or and acute myocardial infarction? Why key evidences led you do that conclusion?
N.K. acute myocardial infarction, because ST segment is elevated and T wave is peaked meaning he is not getting enough oxygen.
7) examine the patient's history and blood lipid results. What do the results of these test, in combination with his BMI tell you about a possible cause of his condition.
N.K. had plaque formation in his coronary artery due to high levels of bad cholesterol, and being overweight caused his condition.
8) what does the presence of a Q-wave on patient #1 ecg one day after admission to the er indicate about the condition of his heart.
A day after admission N.K. ’s EKG shows R wave decreasing meaning AV nodes are not firing, Q wave shows AV nodes not filling ventricles, an ST is more elevated. Meaning N.K. is having a complete obstruction in coronary artery this is called myocardial infarction.
9) what minimally invasive procedure could be used to treat patient # 1’s coronary artery
…show more content…
4) what is the final diagnosis of patient # 2 heart condition name the
(disease)?
Enlarge heart, heart failure hypertrophic cardiomyopathy because the thickened heart muscle and chambers are thick and stiff and don't allow heart to fill. 5) describe how G.L condition caused syncope following exercise?
Exercises increases heart rate and stroke volume so cardiac output is high. But due to the fact that G.L has a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy his cardiac output is low because the lack of heart filling.
6) what is left ventricular hypertrophy? Why would G.L condition cause left ventricular hypertrophy?
Left ventricular hypertrophy is when the heart muscle is thickened the chambers are stiff and thick and this does not allow the heart to fill. 7) what does the inverted T- wave indicate? Why does it appear only when the patient exercises.
T wave indicates repolarization of ventricles. And when exercising the demand of ventricles high but the recovery of the ventricular muscle is not able reach resting state. 8) what two procedures are typically used to treat G.L condition?
Pacemaker, or medications such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers.
3 vessels case

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    This can occur due to a number of reasons. The most common cause of diastolic dysfunction is myocardial hypertrophy due to hypertension. This is when the heart has enlarged due to work overload. This enlargement has ultimately caused ventricular remodeling; which makes it difficult for many things to happen. This remodeling result in, “a decreased ability of the myocytes to actively pump calcium from the cytosol, resulting in impaired relaxation” (McCance 1194).…

    • 782 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    What are the patients problems? Dr. Alley is currently suffering from Hypertension (HBP) which is when the pressure of blood is stained against the arterial walls. Due to the fact that Dr. Alley has stopped taking his medication, this has caused long-term affliction to his heart. The doctor has also been experiencing dyspnea (difficulty breathing ). This can be a warning of a condition to his heart or lungs.…

    • 377 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ventricles Case Study

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages

    1. Based on the information provided, the left atrium and left ventricle are not working properly due to mitral valve not working appropriately. The reason this set of valves was chosen is because in the passage, it stated that the X-Ray show an enlargement in the left atrium and left ventricle. This happen is due to inefficient cycle of blood resulting in abnormal heart sound or heart murmur. Mitral valve of the left side is misshape and less flexible.…

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Symptoms of typical Heart Failure include orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dysponea, reduced exercise tolerance, fatigue, tiredness, increased time to recover after exercise, and ankle swelling. Less typical symptoms of Heart Failure include nocturnal cough, wheezing, weight, weight loss (in advance heart failure), bloated feeling, loss of appetite, confusion, depression, palpitations, and syncope detect (McMurray et al., 2012). Signs of Heart Failure that are more specific include elevated jugular venous return, hepatojugular reflux, third heart sound, laterally displaced apical impulse, cardiac murmur, peripheral edema, crackles sound, reduced air entry and dullness to percussion at lungs bases, tachycardia, irregular pulse, tachypnea , hepatomegaly, ascites, and tissue wasting detect (McMurray et al.,…

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the condition in which the heart cannot pump blood the nutrients effectively to the body’s organs. Excessive fluid buildup is common in the lungs and/or other such organs and body parts. In many cases of congestive heart failure, the fluid builds up in the lowest part of the body such as the feet referred as pedal edema or the lower back known as sacral edema if the patient is bedridden. This swelling is caused when the heart slows and the blood begins to back up into the lungs. When the heart fails, the arteries that supply the heart muscle are narrowed known as coronary artery disease.…

    • 1337 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If heart failure is left untreated the chambers of the heart dilate because of the blood left in the chamber after diastole (Lewis, et al., 2014, p. 768). Over time the heart muscle thickens due to the increased work load and thus needs more oxygen to work, causes poor contractility and coronary artery circulation (Lewis, et al., 2014, p. 768). Because this individual has a history of heart failure and triple bypass surgery we already know there is damage to his heart. Taking this medication is important for this individual to decrease his risk for further damage to his heart such as thickening of the heart muscle due to overworking of the…

    • 1405 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Heart failure is when the heart is too weak to pump blood efficiently, and cannot provide proper cardiac output that the body needs to maintain the body’s metabolic needs. Also, heart failure is when the heart muscle has become damaged and cannot contract and pump blood up and through the valves and out through both sides of the heart or the heart muscle has become too stiff. This process mainly relates to the heart muscles of the ventricle chambers. The ventricles are the main problem within heart failure, they are either too stiff or not contracting properly. The heart ventricles cannot pump hard enough during systole, which is called systolic heart failure.…

    • 2235 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In first time there's a compensatory hypertrophy of the ventricle, however from the long time of view it results in coronary heart failure and other organ harm. We distinguish two forms of hypertension. First one is primary (vital) high blood pressure, 2d one issecondary high blood pressure. The number one (critical) high blood pressure impacts approximately ninety five % of patients with high blood pressure. it's miles a multifactorial sickness and we nevertheless today don’t understand all the elements which might be involved.…

    • 1142 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Outline On Heart Failure

    • 1650 Words
    • 7 Pages

    10. Obesity- Those who are obese have a higher risk of developing heart failure because the heart has to work harder. 11. Irregular heartbeats- These abnormal rhythms, especially if they are very frequent and fast, can weaken the heart muscle and cause heart failure Complications of heart failure include: 1. Kidney damage- Heart failure can reduce the blood flow to your kidneys, which can eventually cause kidney failure if left untreated.…

    • 1650 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Causes Of Heart Failure

    • 1711 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Coronary artery disease is said to be the most common cause of heart failure, as time goes on your body’s arteries become narrow from build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis), therefore blood flow is reduced. Eisen et al state that a myocardial infarction is one major cause of heart failure in patients with coronary artery disease (10). When you have a high blood pressure this is called hypertension, a high blood pressure means that the heart is working harder to circulate the blood, overtime the heart muscles becomes stiff or too weak to efficiently pump the blood. The primary aetiology of heart disease is difficult to determine especially when a patient has many different diseases that could potentially trigger heart failure. Some other causes of heart failure are diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation (8).…

    • 1711 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays