Case Study: Blood Heart, And Vessels

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Bio 202 - Unit #3 Case Studies:
1- Blood, Heart, and Vessels
1)WHy are lymph nodes enlarged (adenopathy)? How does this fit with his CBC test?
J.T’s lymph nodes are enlarged due to a high count of white blood cell count . Jt has a high white blood cell count because his body is trying to fight off an infection.
2) What is the most likely diagnosis that explains all of J.T’s symptoms and lab results?
J.T. has Acute Myeloid Leukemia, his symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, bleeding, bone pain, minor cuts won't heal, and easily bruising. J.T’s bone marrow biopsy results show >90 % of lymphoid cells in the marrow are monotypic/monoclonal B-lymphocytes. This means that the stem cells that produce myeloblasts develop immature abnormal cells,
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Fatigue and shortness of breath: is due to low count of red blood cells. Red blood cells help carry oxygen to the body, without oxygen you will feel tired or have shortness of breath.
Bruises easily and presence of petechiae: low count of platelets cannot form clots.
Minor cuts that will not heal and recurrent infections: J.T. has a high count of white blood cells. His body has a hard time in fighting of infections due to the high count of WBC. 4) What is the typical course of treatment for a person with J.T’s condition?
Treatments may be chemotherapy, radiation, stem cell transplant, and or targeted
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Normal ST segment should not be elevated and N.K’s shows ST segment elevated in ER.
6) What is the most likely diagnosis for patient # 1, angina or and acute myocardial infarction? Why key evidences led you do that conclusion?
N.K. acute myocardial infarction, because ST segment is elevated and T wave is peaked meaning he is not getting enough oxygen.
7) examine the patient's history and blood lipid results. What do the results of these test, in combination with his BMI tell you about a possible cause of his condition.
N.K. had plaque formation in his coronary artery due to high levels of bad cholesterol, and being overweight caused his condition.
8) what does the presence of a Q-wave on patient #1 ecg one day after admission to the er indicate about the condition of his heart.
A day after admission N.K. ’s EKG shows R wave decreasing meaning AV nodes are not firing, Q wave shows AV nodes not filling ventricles, an ST is more elevated. Meaning N.K. is having a complete obstruction in coronary artery this is called myocardial infarction.
9) what minimally invasive procedure could be used to treat patient # 1’s coronary artery

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