The Biology Of Disease : Cancer Essay
The Biology of Disease
Cancer is a disease that plagues many people word-wide and can prove to be extremely deadly with a high mortality rate, or not as much so with a high survival rate. This is because some cancers prove to be more difficult to manage and remove while others do not require to be removed and may just cause minor complications. Thyroid cancer happens to have characteristics from both these types of cancers; it can be subtle and cured easily if caught soon enough, or it can become invasive and fatal. In order to determine what type of thyroid cancer is present, a complete understanding of what thyroid cancer is must be known. This will include a breakdown of what thyroid cancer is, how many types of thyroid cancer there are, how they are diagnosed, and how they can be treated.
The thyroid is a gland that is a part of the body’s endocrine system. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, below your voice box, the larynx, and contains right and left lobes that reflects a butterfly’s shape. A healthy thyroid is about the size of a quarter and the two lobes of the thyroid are connected by the isthmus, a thin piece of tissue (National Cancer Institute, 2012). The purpose of the thyroid gland is to use iodine, a mineral commonly found in iodized salt and specific foods, to produce hormones. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland controls heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, weight, and metabolism (National…