The Big Five Theory By Paul Costa And Robert Mccrae Essay

1139 Words Jun 7th, 2016 null Page
According to Grucza and Goldberg (2007), the big five theory was introduced by Paul Costa and Robert McCrae and identified five personality dimensions including extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, opened to experience and conscientiousness. Each of these personality traits has two separate aspects that reflect a degree of personality below the wide domains but above the numerous surface scales that also form part of the big five. However, although the two aspects are separate, DeYoung, Quilty and Peterson (2007) also note that they are correlated and labelled as compassion and politeness for agreeableness; volatility and withdrawal for neuroticism; enthusiasm and assertiveness for extraversion; industriousness and orderliness for conscientiousness; and intellect and openness for openness and intellect. Ideally, as Block (2010) asserts, the model was intended for the understanding of how academic behaviors and personality relate. Toegel and Barsoux (2012) note that although all the five dimensions do not have strong preferences and can be perceived as calculating, unprincipled and inscrutable, they also argue that they are reasonable, adaptable and moderate personalities. Unlike most of the personality perspectives, the big five model was not based on experiments and Norris, Larsen and Cacioppo (2007) explain that the descriptors are grouped by a statistical technique known as factor analysis. However, as Block (2010) argues, factor analysis has been criticized in the…

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