The Berlin Wall : The Cold War Essay

1164 Words Feb 8th, 2016 5 Pages
On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic began to build a barbed wire and concrete “Antifaschistischer Schutzwall,” or “anti-fascist bulwark,” between East and West Berlin. The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western “fascists” from entering East Germany and undermining the socialist state, but it mostly just served as the objective of stopping and impeding mass defections from East to West. The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the German Democratic Republic could cross the border whenever they wanted. That night, excited crowds swarmed the wall. Some crossed whenever the wanted into West Berlin, while others brought hammers and picks and began to chip away at the wall itself. Still to this day, the Berlin Wall remains one of the most powerful and enduring symbols of the Cold War. The parting of Berlin.
As World War 2 ended in 1945, two Allied peace conferences at Yalta and Potsdam determined the fate of Germany’s territories. They split the nation into four “allied occupation zones”. The eastern part of the country went to the Soviet Union, while the western part went to the United States, Great Britain and France.
Even though Berlin was located completely within the Soviet section of the country, about 100 miles from the border between the eastern and western zones, the Yalta and Potsdam agreed to split the city into similar…

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