The Berlin Wall : East Berlin Essay

2248 Words Jan 15th, 2015 9 Pages
The Berlin Wall

East Berlin communist leaders

During the early years of the Cold War, communist West Berlin was a geographical loophole through which thousands of unhappy East Germans fled to the democratic West. In response, the Communist East German authorities built a wall that totally encircled West Berlin. It was thrown up overnight, on the 13th of August 1961. It was an effective move by the GDR (German Democratic Republic) to stop East Berliners from escaping from the East German state into the West of the city, which was then occupied by the Americans, British and French. In a masterfully-planned operation, spanning just 24 hours, the streets of Berlin were torn up, barricades of paving stones were erected, tanks were gathered at crucial places and subways and local railway services were interrupted, so that within a day the Western part of Berlin was completely sealed off from the East. For the next three decades, the city became the hot end of the Cold War as the world 's nuclear superpowers faced off across the Wall. More than half a million people from the East moved to the West of Germany.
Germany each day. 2 million people may have moved to the West each year from one particular city. By 1961, 15% of the population of East Germany had moved to the West. The communist leaders of the East had no choice but to build the Berlin Wall.

All the people that were leaving the East also included some of the East’s best workers, because the West was a great place…

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