The Bauhaus: An Influential Artistic Movement

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The Bauhaus The Bauhaus was arguably the most influential artistic movement of its time, you can see evidence of its impact everywhere you look. Much like other movements, the Bauhaus school came about in a time that was ripe for change. World War I had recently ended and Germany’s industry was just getting back on its feet. Walter Gropius, German architect and the Bauhaus School’s founder, felt that there needed to be a better unity of art, design, and industry. He thought the manufacturing during his time was soulless and lacked creativity and that art was losing its place in society. Feeling personally responsible to be the necessary change, Gropius went on to create the Bauhaus school. The Focus of the Bauhaus was to eliminate the distinction …show more content…
De Stijl is Dutch for “the style” and it proposed ultimate simplicity and abstraction, both in architecture and painting. The visual language of the movement consists of straight lines, squares, rectangles, and the same primary colors that were prominent in expressionism. Curved lines and circles were considered to be representative of nature and were often not used in De Stijl artwork. The move from expressionism in the Bauhaus came gradually with the Dutch painter Van Doesburg, who was hoping to teach at the Bauhaus and spread his own ideas of De Stijl. It was during this time at the Bauhaus that design had become a main focus. Doesburg had the biggest impact the furniture workshop, which would become one of the schools defining features. Walter Gropius did not directly oppose of Van Doesburg’s ideas, but ultimately he did not accept him onto the staff of the Bauhaus. Doesburg was only at the Bauhaus for a short time, but he had brought the ideas of the De Stijl movement and they remained prevalent at the school for the remainder of its existence. The Red Blue Chair by Garrit Rietveld is a piece of furniture that embodies all of the prominent ideas from this time at the Bauhaus. It uses only primary colors and It is made up of only square or rectangular pieces of wood. The materials it consisted of were all readily available at the time to ensure it could be mass produced. Like Expressionism, the De Stijl movement had its greatest impact on the theory of modern art. However, its influence can be seen in geometric painting and even in modern

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