British Air Defence Essay

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Air superiority during war is a make or break capability. To own the air not only with the use of a strong Air Force, but to rule it with a defensive posture. The anti-air capabilities of England during World War II set an example for what air defense can do and how effective it can be.
The Battle of Britain was an air war that was conducted mostly over the skies of Britain and above the English Channel. The German Air Force, also known as the Luftwaffe, was conducting deep air raids into Britain to posture the country for Operation Sea Lion, which was the Nazi’s plan to invade the Islands. The British had to quickly adapt and find a method of defending themselves from the attack and use their own Air Ministry to counter the attacks. The Battle of Britain was known as one of the greatest Air battles in the 20th century due to its complicated strategies conducted by both sides and it being the first use of Radar Warning systems.
The Need for an Air Defence In 1935, the Air Ministry Air Defence was established due to the rise of threat from the Nazis in the south and growing into the countries east of England. From the
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Radar was not even developed until the concept was thought up years before by Robert Watson-Watt. In 1935, Watson-Watt conducted multiple tests with a system that would later be named Radar. He saw the need for a warning system and after finally winning the support from Parliament and receiving government funds, he developed Radar. The task then was how to place it effectively into the field. They started by constructing 75 foot towers with transmitters and receivers and conducted tests. They found the wavelengths went out as far as 15 miles. If the towers were taller and spread out a certain distance, this system would be effective for early warning against Nazi bombers. In 1937, Radar warning sites were built 20 miles apart along the English coastline from Lands End to north of

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