The Age Of Reform And The Abolition Movement

Improved Essays
Before the Civil War the United States (U.S.) experienced a time period that was highlighted by increased sectionalism called the antebellum period. The antebellum time period was from 1819 to 1860 and economic, political, and social issues started to divide the various regions of the U.S. This sectionalism, or loyalty towards a particular region, started to develop between the North and South over the practice of slavery. Also during this time period the U.S. was expanding westward and the addition of this new territory caused the two regions to further divide because of their strong feelings on whether or not slavery should expand into these newly added regions. The Age of Reform also occurred during the antebellum period. One of the …show more content…
While there were people that worked to abolish, or end, slavery in all parts of the U.S. many Northern states worked the hardest. There were many thoughts on how to end slavery. Some people believed that gradualism was the best way. This meant that slavery would end over a long period of time. Other people believed in emancipation or the immediate freeing of all the slaves without compensation. People who supported the Abolition Movement believed that slavery was morally wrong. Former slaves like Frederick Douglass often spoke out for the Abolition Movement and worked by publishing his newspaper called the “North Star”. In the newspaper and speeches he talked about how poorly slaves were treated and how they lacked any rights (A Speech by Frederick Douglass). Similarly to Frederick Douglass, other abolitionists also supported the equality of the races. These people would be considered “radical” because many people did not believe in this idea. William Lloyd Garrison is a prime example of a “radical” abolitionist who published articles in his newspaper the “Liberator” and encouraged people to fight to give blacks their rights. Some people were horrified by the news of the poor conditions that slaves experienced. Families were often broken up because the slave owner decided to sell them or could in certain circumstances kill them (“What Caused the Break Up of Slave Families?”). Northerners increasingly supported emancipation due to an increase of abolition newspapers and pamphlets. An example of a pamphlet would be the “Anti-Slavery Almanac” and its political cartoon depicting “A Northern Freeman Enslaved by Northern Hand.” This political cartoon tells the story of a black man, most likely a free black who had never been a slave being captured to be sold as a slave. While culture in the North was typically based in abolition, this cartoon helps to

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Abolitionists were people who opposed slavery because of moral reasons; they thought slavery was cruel and destructive. Anti-slavery people were people who opposed slavery because slaves were taking all the jobs that belonged to the white men. Both abolitionists and anti-slavery people fought in the Civil War. Abolitionists aided in the start of the war because of their persistence and dedication in ending slavery once and for all. Many books and news articles were published to persuade people to end slavery.…

    • 1642 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The book is about the horror of slavery which opened many people’s eyes to what was really going on down South. Biographer McDougal proclaims, “In quick response, Northerners, abolitionists increased their protests against the Fugitive Slave Act, while Southerners criticized the book as an attack on the South as a whole. The furor over Uncle Tom’s Cabin had barely begun settle when a new controversy over slavery drew heated” (McDougal 312). The Fugitive Slave Act didn’t allow escaped slaves free forever. If their former master finds them, they go back to being a slave again which wasn’t fair.…

    • 1488 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The abolitionists made slave owning so difficult and none worthwhile that it became not worth while to most owners to keep slaves anymore. This was done many ways, from protests from renowned white politicians to black slaves rising up and murdering slave owners and burning plantations to the ground. To further, once the war began, the slave trade became even more dangerous as the slaves began to learn what the war was about. The abolishment of slavery was done through a natural understanding of human equality and knowing what was right and wrong. Both blacks and whites fought to end slavery, not all at once, but in a unison of small acts until slave trading was not worth the effort anymore.…

    • 1738 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Abolition Movement

    • 1345 Words
    • 6 Pages

    They used these writings and speeches to deliver their message for the country to hear and read. Newspapers and pamphlets sprang up everywhere. “These publications argued against slavery as a social and moral evil and often used examples of African American writings and other achievements to demonstrate that African and their descendants were capable of learning as were Europeans and their descendants in American, given the freedom to do so. To prove their case that one person owning another one was morally wrong, they first had to convince many, that Negroes were human. Yet, even many people among the abolitionists did not believe the two races were equal” (History Net, 2015).There was publications that stated that the slaves should rise up against their masters and defend themselves.…

    • 1345 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Fugitive Slave Acts Essay

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages

    An exception to slave states was created in the South as a part of the Compromise of 1850 which was out to find agreement between slave states in the South and free states in the North. It was also made due to many slaves escaping from their plantations in the South into freedom in Northern States which was a problem for the South when it came to workers and production as they lost a tremendous amount of it. The Abolitionist Movement which attempted to end all form of slavery in the country was also created and put into play in 1830 with growing support behind it. Lastly, the Underground Railroad also began being used in the year of 1832 which provided a safer and discrete way for slaves to escape to free Northern…

    • 842 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Opposition To Slavery Dbq

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Some Americans such as David Wilmot saw slavery as the right or “privilege” of white men. Many of them have no “morbid sympathy for the slave.” Although there were many instances of a support of slavery in this time period, there were undoubtedly more instances of opposition to slavery, and the support of abolishing the act. Americans went to great lengths to support the abolition movement. Blacks who wished to flee slavery were supported financially, as abolitionists gave money to blacks who wanted to buy their freedom (Doc C.) Slaves…

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Racial Slavery Thesis

    • 797 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This was a step forward for equality nonetheless and the fact that a once slave owner became anti-slavery shows progression towards the movement. In contrast, the Yellow Fever incident made me cringe reading about how the black community got humiliated for simply lending a helping hand in a time of…

    • 797 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They ran campaigns, meetings, elections and petitions. These contributed to getting the slaved freed. Mainly, most of the Abolitionists were freed black slaves who wanted the world to recognize what the slaves had to go through and how it wasn't fair or humane. They felt the need in expressing their sadness and anger through writing biography's or protesting against slave trade. Most of the British citizens were persuaded through all the advertising the Abolitionists did to change their judgment on slavery.…

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Declaration of Independence gives the right to be free to everyone living in the United States, or does it? About half of the states in the country at this time permit slavery, while only few are against it. William Lloyd Garrison, an extreme abolitionist, wanted slavery to be banned in the whole country, so he created different groups and societies to help him. Many pro-slavery southerners despised Garrison’s work and fought against his belief. After The Civil War ended, he lived to see his vision filled.…

    • 708 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    These Codes were “devised laws to regulate and control former slaves” (author 's name,311). As stated in the above paragraph, Not everyone was particularly thrilled with the idea of losing their slaves. After all, owning slaves has become something of a commonplace for white southerners. For instance, these laws had many loopholes such as “if the laborer shall quit the service of the employer, before expiration of his term of service, without good cause, he shall forfeit his wages for that year, up to the time of quitting”. (authors name,311) Showing that if a former slave quits his employment with his employer, he will have to give up the money he has earned.…

    • 1158 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays