Testing of the Stroop Effect in Colour-Associated Words and Neutral Words

1206 Words May 25th, 2012 5 Pages
Testing of the Stroop effect in colour-associated words and neutral words

Abstract

Study examined the Stroop effect in words which are not colours, but represent related object connected to certain colours and whether that would yield similar or the same effect as the classic Stroop study. Previous studies such as Stroop's (1935) found out a clash between controlled and automatic processing, which resulted in delayed answering. This experiment was conducted for 20 participants of both sexes and various age categories. They were given two lists consisting each of 30 coloured words. One half of these words were colour-neutral and other colour-relevant. As was expected, the colour-neutral were processed much faster. It is therefore
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And because there is no way how to control automatic processes they often clash with the controlled ones. Fine example of this happening is famous Stroop effect.

This old experiment consists of a words and colours, where words are names of various colours and at the same time they are painted by different colour than is the name. The results of this effect brings on surface two more interesting discoveries. One is the interference occurs between both processes and the second is that there is actually a way how to influence automatic processes by one's personal coping strategies (Edgar, 2007). That is interesting, because there is a chance of training own mind to overcome these interfering effects in particular situations. However, in general interfering with controlled processing is considered as the strongest con of the automatic processing.

This study is a little advanced version of the classic Stroop effect, where instead direct names of colours, the words represent objects which are traditionally connected to those colours like Lemon, Grass, etc. This variant also touches the topic further. Broadbant (1954) believes that selection of material for processing occurs early and that is sourced by immediate low level physical processes. On contrary, there scientists as Treisman (1960) who believed that people only switch to unattended material when it has some meaning

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