Teleological Argument Essay

748 Words Dec 18th, 2013 3 Pages
The teleological argument is one of the five arguments for the existence of god. It attempts to prove gods existence by using our experience of the world or universe around us. This makes it a posterior in nature. Teleological arguments can essentially be broken down into two main types pre Darwinian and post Darwinian. We shall focus on pre Darwinian as these are the most traditional of these two arguments. Further sub division of teleological arguments can be identified in the guise of design qua regularity and design qua purpose. It is within these areas that we the find the thinking of two philosophers Aquinas(13thC) and paley (19C).

The teleological design argument gets its name from the Greek word telos which mean end, goal or
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For Aquinas this intelligence that proves regularity of movement in the universe is god. This is the conclusion of Aquinas design qua regularity argument

Paley’s design qua purpose argument has a different feel from Aquinas as he first focuses on outlining a hypothetical situation and then drawing conclusions about the nature of existence. From this hypothetical this is the essence of any analogy. The analogy begins with paley asking us to imagine us crossing a wasteland and “pitching your foot against a stone” if you were to pick up this stone that you have found, he suggest that you would not immediately question where the stone came from, as there would be nothing remarkable about it. But if you continued to walk across the wasteland and pitched your foot against and old fashioned pocket watch you would not be able to dismiss the watch as you did the stone. Paley argues this is because of the complexity of the watch. The cogs wheels and counter weights in the watch on closer inspection would demonstrate this complexity. Moreover if the pieces of the watch were placed in any other order, the watch wouldn’t fur fill its purpose of telling the time. Paley states that on discovery of this watch you would have to speculate a designer due to the complex nature of the mechanism and its obvious purpose of telling the time.

Using similar logic paley continues his

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