Surgical Safety Checklist

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The first surgeon to use surgical skin antisepsis was Joseph Lister. He experimented in the 1800s with using carbolic acid on various types of surgical wounds. Lister had discovered that by using carbolic acid on the patient’s skin and on his hands; the rates of surgical site infections (SSIs) and death in his patients were reduced (Spruce, 2016). HE was also the first physician to publish an article related to antiseptic techniques; the article was titled On the Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery. Lister’s ideas were very slowly accepted by his peers but eventually became the basic foundation to what we know now is practiced as a part of routine surgical care (Spruce, 2016).
After Lister’s work in the 1800s, studies on surgical site antiseptic techniques began to increase in popularity. In the 1900s the importance of wearing gloves and hand washing was widely accepted. It wasn’t until 1975 and 1984 that the CDC advocated the use of alcohol-based antiseptic products (Garbutt, 2011). The CDC also published a guideline for hand hygiene in healthcare settings in 2002, with the World Health Organization following suite in 2009. The
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The World Health Organization (WHO) has created the Surgical Safety Checklist. This checklist includes three steps that are before induction of anesthesia, before skin incision and before patient leaves operating room that should be implemented when surgery is required for a patient. In each step, a health care professional must confirm that the surgery teams have completed their tasks before they can proceed (World Health Organization, 2008). World Health Organization also created an implementation manual that goes along with the surgical safety checklist to help surgical teams consistently apply this in clinical settings. The Safe Surgery Saves Lives initiative is also a campaign developed by WHO to help spread education about SSI (World Health Organization,

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