North Dakota Oil Spill Case Study

Improved Essays
1) Massive Oil Pipeline Leak under North Dakota Farmer’s Field
The North Dakota farmer found an oil spill the size of seven football fields during harvesting the wheat. The farmer said that the crude was bubbling up out of the ground when he found it and the crude can be smelled for days before the tires of the combines were coated in it. The damage of the pipeline causes the oil spewing and bubbling six inches high. It was one of the largest spills recorded in the stated which was equal to 20600 barrels. The famer managed to harvest most of the wheat beforethe spill but the land was no longer usable for planting and it was estimated that farmer not be able to farm that ground for several years and it was the major concern for the farmer. The
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The region might suffer a loss 40 percent of its inhabitable terrain in the next thirty years because of dam construction and and the carelessness of the oil industry also worsen this situation. A report stated that there had been a total of 6817 oil spills between1976 and 2001 which was estimated about three million barrels of oil loss. More than 70% was not recovered, 69% of the spills occurred off shore, a quarter was in swamps and 6% was spillerd on land.the oil spill were happening quite a lot in Nigeria. 50% of the oil spills occur due to pipeline and tanker accidents, the others caused by sabotage which was 28% and including oil production operations which was 21% and lastly due to inadequate production equipment which was 1%. The corrosion of the pipelines and tankers is leaking do not receive a proper inspection and maintenance. Oil spillage causes major negative impact to the ecosystem and may constitute ecoside. About 10% Nigerian mangrove forests has been wiped out due to oil spill. The rainforest which was previously as large as 7,400 km² of land also had disappeared. The crops and aquacultures were destroyed through the contamination of the …show more content…
Its system includes about 19,000 miles of service lines and pipelines. ONG has more than 860,000 customers in Oklahoma. The complaint claim the the utility failed to do the inspection properly its system follwing eight previous leak failures in the neighborhood going back to 1983. It is also alleged that ONG did not investigate thoroughly the causes of those previous leaks. Moreover, the regulator told that the ONG employee did not do the required survey properly when responding to a customer-reported leak the day before the January 2nd explosion. The January 2nd gas leak and explosion in the Walnut Creek district near Rockwell Avenue destroyed one house and sent a man to the hospital with severe burns and the explosion destroyed about 50 houses. Thre utility’s own investigation following the explosion find a very poor workmanship on a weld seam in a 4 inch main installed by a contractor in 1983. A review also find the same joint failures had already happened at least 8 times before on the 1270-foot-long pipe but the utility never analysed the cause. ONG faced maximum fines of $8.5 million under the

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