Suburban Sprawl And The American Planning Movement
The 1920s was the apex of the American planning movement. Cities were well designed and well managed meaning there was harmony between the architecture and streetscape and buildings were mixed-use. There were easily discernible characteristics of a traditionally planned city such as a center for commerce, culture, and governance; a walkable city was built with narrow, versatile streets and a grid that allowed different routes to connect to several locations; mixed-use zoning made memorable place instead of parking lots and there were unique sites that established an identity for communities. After WWII, the idea of developing environments built on historical precedence and for social purposes was thrown out the window. The paradigm shift and mass migration to the suburbs has a number of different of factors. This essay will delve into what is suburban sprawl, its historical context, and assert that the biggest reason for suburban development is rooted in American exceptionalism.
Sprawl has become the standard pattern for North American development and growth. It has five general components present: subdivided homes, shopping centers for big-box retail, office parks alongside highways, civic institutions such as churches and schools sporadically spread, and all these locations connected by vast roads; everything in suburbia is …show more content…
The manner in which the model for planning reversed follows the three phases of cultural change—social marketing, removal of existing barriers to change, and the enactment of new regulations.
1. Marketed as a nationalistic campaign, it was American to own a single-family home, while it was communist to advocate for mixed-use neighborhoods.
2. Government programs incentivizing moving to the suburbs for white-families and programs subsidizing single-use homebuilding as an industry to revitalize the