Structuralism, Behaviorism, Gestalt Psychology And Psychoanalysis

1161 Words Sep 11th, 2016 5 Pages
Throughout the history of psychology, there have been different schools of thought created to give a better explanation on human thought and behavior. These schools of thought provided comprehensible methods of treating and diagnosing patients. Some of the major schools of thought are Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviorism, Gestalt Psychology and Psychoanalysis. Each contributed immensely to our understanding of psychology.
Structuralism
One of the first schools of psychology was structuralism. Fathered by Wilhelm Wundt, structuralism began its course in the late 1800s. It can be defined as the study of the elements of consciousness. Unlike many other schools of thought, structuralism is dead in psychology. Edward Bradford Titchener, one of Wundt 's students, formally established structuralism as a school of thought. He spent his lifetime expressing how human knowledge developed from human experience; any other source simply was not possible. As a structuralist, he believed psychology ought to concentrate on separating consciousness into its essential components, similarly as a child would separate a toy to uncover its different parts. Structuralism received much criticism, especially on introspection, or self-observation. It was expressed that no two individuals felt the same in the same way. Despite the amount of criticism, introspective reports, including psychological procedures, for example, reasoning is much of the time utilized as a part of psychology today. When…

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