Stem Cells : An Important Aspect Of Finding Cures Or Cure? Essay

1159 Words Nov 12th, 2015 5 Pages
Stem cells can be used to effectively treat or reverse all types of diseases. These cells have the ability to specialize into any type of cell, such as neurons or red blood cells. This ability makes stem cell research an important aspect of finding cures or new treatments to common diseases. Researchers manipulate stem cells to treat common diseases by carrying out stem cell transplants. These transplants, also known as bone marrow transplants, infuse healthy stem cells into the patient’s body to replace damaged or disease ridden ones. The stem cells can come from the patient, a relative of the patient (related transplant), or an unrelated donor who’s stem cells are compatible with the patient (unrelated transplant). The stem cells that are acquired from the donors are adult stem cells that can be found in bone marrow and other tissue. The stem cells acquired from the donors have been used to treat many malignant (cancerous) and nonmalignant (noncancerous) diseases such as acute leukemia and plasma cell disorders. A study that lasted 12 years led by Roswell Park Cancer Institute documented over 38,000 transplant patients with life-threatening blood cancers. The results of the study showed an improvement in the survival rate of both related and unrelated transplant patients with leukemia in the past 12 years. In the study, the survival of transplant patients with myeloid leukemia (AML) was analyzed. Myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow where there is a…

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