Embryonic Stem Cell Research Ethical

Good Essays
Stem cell research, especially embryonic stem cell research, is a hot topic in the medical world. Each side has very good points as to why stem cell research is ethical and why it is not. Embryonic stem cell research is ethical way to treat common disorders and diseases in society today.
There are two main types of stem cells: adult and embryonic. Adult stem cells can be found in the mature tissues of children and adults. They are undifferentiated cells that can be found near differentiated cells in organs or tissues such as the blood, brain, liver, and bone marrow. Some types of adult stem cells can also be found in umbilical cords and the placenta, though they are not considered embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells are often considered
…show more content…
The embryos they are taken from are considered to not have life. According to supporters, there is a lack of “physical and psychological properties human beings have because they have not yet been implanted in the uterus.” (Garage para.9) The stem cells come from unused fertilized eggs. These eggs are the ones that are not chosen in vitro fertilization. Supporters argue that, “these eggs will be discarded anyway and it would be better that they be used for the common good and benefit of the majority.” (Garage para.12) The embryos used are not the same as embryos that develop in the human body. These embryos are “incapable of ever developing beyond the blastocyst stage unless they are implanted into the uterus.” (Black pg. 95) Another pro of stem cells is that they can be help a number of people. Embryonic stem cells can be useful in treating disorders like Parkinson 's, spinal cord injuries and cardiovascular diseases. There are also several cons to embryonic stem cells research. Using embryos to collect stem cells takes away the chance of an embryo becoming a human. Supporters against embryonic stem cell research say that, “embryos are in a stage that they have the possibility to develop into human beings.” (Garage para.19) Despite there being a pro saying the embryos do not have life, there is no evidence that they have lives or not. One example used to demonstrate this point is a person in a coma. The …show more content…
There are three main viewpoints on this topic. The first viewpoint is that embryos have full moral status. Supporters of the viewpoint argue that, “Development from a fertilized egg into to baby is a continuous process and any attempt to pinpoint when personhood begins is arbitrary.” (EuroStemCell para. 5) The opposite side argues that the embryo has not yet attached the wall of the uterus and lacks all the properties we associate with humans. They also argue that it does not need to be protected and can be used to help patients. A second is that the status of the embryo increases as it develops. Argument for this side say that the embryo’s status increases as it develops from implantation to birth. Supporters against it argue that trying to pinpoint the start of personhood, it is unpredictable and unsupported. The example used is the nervous system. If scientist use the development of a nervous system to start personhood, would that make a stroke victim who lost nerve cells less human? A third view is that the embryo has no moral status. Supporters argue that the eggs are no different than other parts of the body because they have not developed enough to survive independently. People against this say that taking the stem cells prevents the embryo from developing normally. Differing views argue as to whether an embryo can be classified as a human at at one

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The main reason that is given against embryonic stem cell research is that it requires the death of human beings, this is not a relevant argument. The argument is based on the hypothesis that embryos are human beings, however, this is the same argument made by those who are against abortions. Albeit, a legislation had been passed in the United States in order to prevent the federal funding of embryonic stem cell research, five years later a second bill was passed to allow in vitro fertilized embryos to be used for stem cell research. An argument that was often used in favour of the bill was that these embryos would be “discarded” were they not used for research purposes (Hulburt 80). This is a key idea of embryonic stem cell research, these embryos would not be given birth to anyway, even if they had not been in vitro fertilized, if the parents want to donate the embryo for research purposed, chances are that they would have aborted their embryo even if they had not given it to research labs.…

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Controversy will still arise until other approaches are proven to be as effective as obtaining the cells from an embryo. As to my opinion of stem cell research, I believe that it is an opportunity to be able to find cures for so many diseases with just one cell. I believe it should be researched as much as possible to one day achieve that goal. It would be wonderful to find a cure for cancer, Autism, Parkinson’s disease, etc. When it comes to taking a side about destroying an embryo to acquire the cells, I don’t think it is right but as of right now there is no other choice that is as effective as embryonic stem cells.…

    • 1013 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The embryos, at this stage, are most commonly rejected by the woman’s womb, know as miscarriage, because the blastocyst in the embryo contain “chromosomal errors” or the implantation in the womb goes wrong. If these embryos are not really a fetus yet then “. . . religious or moral objections to the use of these cell clusters for scientific research become mute” (Lee, Griswold…

    • 1323 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Not only do we have the potential to find a cure, we have the potential to prevent many of these cases. If embryonic stem cell research does not get funded we will miss out on one of the most advanced breakthroughs in medical history. The research is legitimate and not immoral. No one is proposing taking an embryo from a mother’s womb. The research is done on a lab created embryo that will only be discarded if not used for research.…

    • 1642 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Some people are not able to have children for medical reasons so they have to look into In Vitro Fertilization for further help, but “designer babies” are going farther than that. “Designer babies” should be illegal in the future because it is taking In Vitro Fertilization too far, it is unethical, not always reliable, and parents can have children without choosing their specific characteristics. There is a difference between easy decision making and moral decision making, but it is the effort that everyone has to put in to make the correct…

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    If these fertilised eggs where not donated for scientific research they would most likely be killed anyway. For embryos to fully develop into humans they must be transferred into a uterus, they cannot do it on their own, embryos require external help. There is also a chance the embryo will not develop as conception via IVF has a success rate of approximately 50%. The stem cells extracted from are used to help with the understanding of diseases and developing drugs and treatments for them. One example of this is trials that are under way at the moment that are investigating whether embryonic stem cells can be used to help patients with cardiovascular disease.…

    • 1235 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    So, it is up to those who have a voice to speak out about this injustice, and put a stop to embryonic stem cell research. When doing research on adult stem cells the altering of the cell gives these cells, the capacity to differentiate into any cell in the body allowing the scientists to clone any type of cells they need, but also allows for the cell to mutate into a cancer cell or another cell that carries disease. Scientists know little about the capabilities of stem cell research and the effects that this research may have. For these reasons using any stem cells to propagate differentiated human cells, tissues, or organs should be prohibited because these embryos are alive, and scientists cannot fully know the effects of this…

    • 2551 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There was buzz around this discovery because of all the potential stem cells have in curing disease. The controversy is over the morality of destroying human embryos. Many believe it is not right to create a human life and destroy it even if it will be used to help others. Others are debating when a group of cells actually becomes human or is technically alive. Some believe that a fetus is not alive until it is born while others believe life begins at conception.…

    • 1109 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Harman And Embryo

    • 2093 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Elizabeth Harman argues the permissibility of an early embryo’s moral status. She claims that if the early embryo has any moral status at all, then creating and “destroying them to make stem cells” cannot be allowed. (Harman). In other words, it is simply immoral to “sacrifice the life of one human to save another without their…

    • 2093 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Is Human Cloning Possible

    • 1372 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Instead of creating clones that have to experience the effects of the imperfections, scientists should focus more on improving the lives of people by using other ways that does not include ethics or does not cause harm to others. These scientists are making the clones suffer through unneeded complications. Head states in the article, “Should human cloning be banned?”, “Scientists generally agree that it would be irresponsible to clone a human being until cloning has been perfected, given that the cloned human would probably face serious, and ultimately terminal, health issues.” It is impetuous for scientists to continue cloning because the babies that were made are alive and have their own feelings. They should not be forced to live with health issues their entire life because of our imperfect experiments. Scientists only want to create clones in order to have better organ donors.…

    • 1372 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics