Essay on St. Thomas Aquinas Five Ways

688 Words Dec 11th, 2011 3 Pages
St. Thomas Aquinas agrees that god exists. He uses the A Posteriori approach to explain his arguments. One of St. Thomas Aquinas arguments is known as Efficient cause. Everything has a cause and nothing could happen with out one. Aquinas explains that it is impossible for anything to have its own cause. If something were to have its own cause it would have had to existed prior to itself, which would be impossible. Even if you were to believe in the Big Bang theory their has to be a first efficient cause. Aquinas gives the first efficient cause the name God.

Another argument in favor of the existence of god is St. Anselm’s Ontological Proof of God’s Existence. Unlike St. Thomas Aquinas he uses the A Priori approach. Instead of
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The problem of evil is a challenge to theism. This problem makes us question weather our traditional a all good, all powerful, and all knowing God exist. If this traditional God exists then why dose he allow all this evil and suffering in the world. For example children die everyday from starvation, and natural disasters kill hundreds and thousands of people every year. there is a lot of unnecessary suffering in the world and it would seem that our traditional God would not allow it. John Hicks has it posed in the form of a dilemma. If God is perfectly loving, his wish must be to get rid of all evil, and if God is all-powerful, he must be able to get rid of all evil, but evil still exist so God cannot be all-powerful and perfectly loving. Christian Science argues that evil is an illusion of the human mind. According to Augustine evil dose not even exist it is a lower form of good. Evil is something negative which means it is not created by god, but does not necessary mean evil cannot exist. Christians have always explained that there is evil because god gave us free will. Free will is our ability to control our action, you can do good things in the world or bad. A solution to this belief is why could god guarantee people to always act rightfully to not hurt or kill one another. With the argument of free will comes the idea that the earth is a place for soul making. This argument explains that there is evil on earth so we can learn from it. A

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