The island of Sri Lanka, situated in the Indian Ocean off the southern tip of India, is an exquisitely beautiful and spiritual place. Torture, rape and random killings have been perpetrated by the military and pro-government paramilitaries. Underpinning this war has been Western military aid and political support. This reflects Sri Lanka's strategic significance, but also that the military, political and theocratic elites that rule Sri Lanka maintain Western domination of the economy that still follows the colonial export-oriented model (FRONTLINE). The Tamils of South India frequently invaded Sri Lanka. They wished to control the island's wealth and people. However, at the times Tamil involvement in the island was equally the
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The Sinhalse armies that battled each other across the northern plain destroyed the irrigation system that gave life to the people of Sri Lanka. Water no longer reached the rice fields. The farmers turned to slash-and-burn agriculture, which provided only enough food for the farmer and his family (Zimmermann). The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), otherwise known as the Tamil Tigers, emerged on the scene in the 1970s. They are one of the world's most notorious terrorist groups. In their unrelenting drive for a separate homeland on the island, the Tigers have carried out more suicide bombings than Hamas, Islamic Jihad and Al Qaeda combined (FRONTLINE). The polarizing conflict is identity-related with ethnicity and religion as deeply divisive factors.
It will not end with winners and losers and it cannot be ended solely through a military victory that may not be sustainable in the long-run unless legitimate grievances are addressed. May 15, 2009- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Special Adviser on the prevention of genocide today said that “it is not too late” for Sri Lanka's Government forces and rebels to end their brutal conflict, underscoring the toll the clashes are taking on civilians (UN expert). The International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) said in a statement that heavy fighting earlier this week precluded it from evacuating the wounded and sick from the conflict zone and from delivering food to civilians. The Special