Reconciliation In Rwanda Essay

1968 Words 8 Pages
The Government’s Failure to Facilitate Reconciliation in Post-Genocide Rwanda
After the genocide of 1994, Rwanda had strict ethnic divides between the Hutus, Tutsis, and Twa. Some 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were murdered, and the population was torn apart without much guidance to initiate the healing process. Despite implementing various legal and cultural efforts to help the country recover, the Rwandan government did not do enough to help said process; there are still societal divides and forced isolations left in the wake of the genocide.
The International Court Tribunal of Rwanda (ICTR) was inefficient and wasted both time and money in trying perpetrators of the genocide; its incompetence prolonged the freedom the criminals enjoyed
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The RPF was not without fault during the genocide, but they were not investigated for their misdeeds. Hintjens said, “Many civilians were killed by the RPF… [but] the RPA become a liberation army, which ended genocide and offered loyal Rwandans enlightenment and modernity/progress… The failure to investigate other, non-genocidal atrocities, such as the alleged RPF war crimes during 1994 in particular… [risks] the resentment of the victims of RPF crimes, but also the perpetuation of the culture of impunity… and genocide negationism.” The RPF was not persecuted fully for their crimes and made itself out to be the hero, becoming highly revered in Rwanda; as such, not all the perpetrators or those involved in crimes during the genocide were …show more content…
Aiding and abetting genocide is defined as having the genocide of a specific group of people as the specific goal and desired outcome of one’s actions, and the crime of complicity in genocide is defined as having the intent of “economic profit or territorial or political gain or for any other non-specific motive,” said Daniel M. Greenfield in a paper from the Northwestern University School of Law. He also said that “there is… little doubt that Karemera, Ngirumpatse, and Nzirorera [perpetrators and planners of the Rwandan genocide] at the very least recklessly disregarded the fact that genocide might result from their activities… [they] could be convicted of the crime of complicity in genocide, whereas they might not be successfully prosecuted for genocide or aiding and abetting genocide.” This shows that there were people who had a hand in the genocide but were not punished; they would likely not be persecuted if they were tried for aiding and abetting genocide, but could be persecuted for the crime of complicity. Extending the sentence criteria to include complicity would broaden the range of people that could be tried for crimes and brought to

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