Solutions to the Niger Delta Problems in Nigeria Essay

4189 Words Apr 3rd, 2011 17 Pages
SOLUTIONS TO THE NIGER DELTA PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA

AN ASSIGNMENT WRITTEN IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE COURSE DVS 512: TECHNOLOGY, ENERGY, NATURAL RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
BY

ISU, DORATHY AKWUGO
PG/MSC/07/46529

LECTURER: DR. OGAKWU

INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ENUGU CAMPUS.

AUGUST 2009

BACKGROUND
The Niger Delta produces the oil wealth which accounts for the bulk of Nigeria’s foreign earnings. Paradoxically however, these vast revenues from an international industry have barely touched the Niger Delta’s own pervasive local poverty (UNDP, 2006:1). The majority of the population in the rural areas in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria are living in extreme poverty in spite of
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The result of this failure has been disillusionment and frustration among the people about their increasing deprivation “They have seen one government sponsored development agency after another without any significant changes. Instead, their physical environment has been deteriorating at an alarming rate which hinders economic prospects and harms human well being”
The regions Human Development Index (HDI) Score, a measure of well being encompassing the longevity of life, knowledge and a decent standard of living, remains at a low value of 0.546 (with 1 being the highest score). While these ratings put the Niger Delta at a slightly higher level than Nigeria’s overall HDI of 0.453, the area rates far below countries or regions with similar oil and gas resources. For example, the HDI for Saudi Arabia in 2000 stood at 0.800, while in 2003, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Libya, Venezuela and Indonesia achieves scores of 0.849, 0.844, 0.799, 0.772 and 0.697 respectively (UNDP 2006: 2).
According to Chukwuezi (2006:4) Disastrous ecological degradation and environmental pollution in the Niger Delta coupled with the utter neglect by the oil companies, have contributed to impoverish the citizens of the area. Over 50 per cent of the 70,000 square kilometres of the territory has neither motorable roads nor hospitals.
There are at least three refineries and two petrochemical

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