Breast Cancer Awareness

870 Words 4 Pages
Today, there are over 100 kinds of cancer. Cancer is a type of disease. Specifically, breast cancer is the top cancer in women both in the developed and developing world, which is increasing in the developing world due to the increase life expectancy, increase urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles. (WHO:20216) In the United States, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime, allowing breast cancer to be responsible for 40,000 deaths each year. (National Breast Cancer Foundation:2016) This paper examines the history, geographic distribution, socioeconomic risk factors and environmental risk factors of breast cancer.
Breast cancer is a group of diseases that affects breast tissue, when cells begin to grow out
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Signs include a new lump under the breast or armpit, swelling of the breast, nipple discharge, any change in the size of shape of the breast and pain in the breast area. There is no such thing as a normal breast and some of these signs can happen with other conditions, besides breast cancer. (CDC:2016) Breast cancer has evolved immensely when it comes to the treatment for the disease. Breast cancer originated in Ancient Egypt, where in an Egyptian tomb, there were eight cases of tumors or ulcers of the breast. It is said that the first doctors claimed there was no treatment for this disease. Theories of humoralism, divine punishment, lack of (or too much) sexual activity, physical injuries and fear of breast cancer were said to be the case of breast cancer. (Suchy:2012) In the 19th century, is when the average lifespan of women increased and breast cancer was considered a common …show more content…
In 2016, it is estimated that among U.S. women, there will be many new cases of breast cancer. New cases of primary breast cancer among survivors but not the recurrence of original breast cancer among survivors is estimated 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer. Invasive breast cancer means cancer cells from inside milk ducts or lobes break out into nearby breast tissue. (Susan G. Komen:2016) When comparing men and women diagnosed with breast cancer, the rates of incidence and mortality are lower in men. In 2013, the incidence rate of men was 1.3 per 100,000, while the women’s rate was 125.4 per 100,000. The mortality rate of men was 0.3 per 100,000, while the women’s rate was 20.7 per 100,000. (Susan G. Komen:2016) Due to increased mammography screening, which allows individuals to get checked for breast cancer, breast cancer incidence rose in the 1980s and then leveled off in the 90s, then declining in the early 2000s. This decline appears to be related to the drop in use of menopausal hormone therapy, which showed its use caused an increase in the risk of breast cancer. Since 2004, the incidence of breast cancer has remained stable. (Susan G.

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